The Magoda Project – Description from Ingvartsen Architects.
Improved housing design to minimise diseases in rural tropical Africa.
In sub-Saharan Africa, many infectious diseases including Malaria are acquired in and around the home. There are great demands in these regions to improve the health of residents, specifically through the space they spend the majority of their time in – the home.
Low-cost houses prevalent in rural areas in Africa usually have mud or brick walls with few windows. In such houses, airflow is minimal and basic facilities such as cooking areas, safe water supply and sanitation are usually absent or rudimentary. Architectural modifications to the typical African home is an effective way to target issues such as health, hygiene, comfort and most importantly, diseases.
In 2014 and 2015, eight homes were constructed in Magoda, a rural village in the Tanga region in Tanzania. The project explored design elements of traditional Asian and African homes to generate a variety of new housing designs based on precise research, observation and local collaboration.
The houses integrate Asian architectural features (to optimise airflow) with traditional African building methods familiar in the local area. The basic building types are single and double storey houses with wood, bamboo or shade-net cladding.
The main objectives of the project are:
- To develop housing designs that optimise comfort and health in rural African homes.
- To construct a collective of eight rural African homes to explore the feasibility and acceptance of the designs.
- To develop locally appropriate structures for water supply, sanitation and cooking facilities.
- To evaluate the indoor climate accrued from different housing designs, modifications and building materials.
- To evaluate the efficiency of insect screens.
- To estimate the economic cost of various housing modifications and designs using different local materials.
- To engage the local community leaders and important stakeholders to improve the acceptance of the new designs towards improved feedback and expansion.